Mansfield Library's information literacy curriculum design includes a suite of credit classes, workshops, video tutorials, and curriculum-integrated instruction that complements the needs of specific disciplines and those of students and faculty. Our curriculum is based on the Association of Colleges and Research Libraries' Framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education. The video tutorials address the Information Literacy Knowledge Practices (Table 1), can be integrated into Moodle, and are discoverable on the web site.
Library instruction focuses primarily on the following:
- first-year experience classes on the Mountain Campus and at Missoula College;
- upper-division writing-approved classes that require an information literacy component;
- video tutorials that address the information literacy knowledge practices and dispositions that form our curriculum;
- a series of workshops designed to complement the curriculum; and
- individual consultations.
The strategic integration of information literacy into the curriculum begins with first-year initiatives that serve as the basis for information literacy instruction in the disciplines at the junior and senior levels (Tables 1-2). First-year curriculum integration decisions have been made on the basis of several factors:
- integration into courses that are a part of the standard university curriculum;
- integration into courses with a research component, usually smaller enrollment classes; and
- integration into required courses with a large enrollment.
Specific standards and teaching strategies have been identified for targeted courses to establish quality learning opportunities for first-year students. At every opportunity, librarians seek to serve as research consultants to facilitate the successful delivery of information literacy content by teaching faculty in the disciplines.
Targeted First-year Courses
- College Writing I, WRIT 101
- Introduction to Public Speaking, COMX 111
- Global Leadership Seminar
- Introduction to Honors Seminar
- First-year Seminar
Upper-Division CurriculumAt every opportunity, librarians seek to serve as research consultants to facilitate the successful delivery of information literacy content. Librarians may:
- Collaborate with faculty to integrate required information literacy instruction into the curriculum and learning outcomes of advanced writing classes.
- Provide consultative services to teaching faculty to develop research assignments.
- Promote student research consultations at the Information Center and by appointment.
- Promote the use of tutorials that are based on the information literacy curriculum.
- Maintain regular office hours each semester to provide individual and small group research assistance.
- Provide research assistance at the Information Center and via phone, email and live chat.
- Offer workshops to the campus community that address information literacy knowledge practices and dispositions.
Knowledge Practices and Dispositions
The following information literacy knowledge practices and dispositions address all six frames of the ACRL Framework and are adapted to the learning environment at the University of Montana.
Table 1. Information Literacy Knowledge Practices by Course Level
|Identify research questions; translate questions into keywords for searching||Choose and state a research topic; use research to refine topic||Choose the appropriate resources, sources, or investigative methods based on research need||Identify important associations, publications, and scholars in the discipline|
|Critically evaluate information: assess the reliability, validity, accuracy, authority; timeliness, impact, and point or view or bias of information sources||Manage research with keyword and subject searching; broaden and narrow search terms||Combine new and prior knowledge to create original scholarship||Understand the complexity of information production processes and organization|
|Recognize and Assess the value and distinctness of information resources (e.g. website sources, online journals, print material)||Execute both keyword and subject searches; execute revised searches to refine results||Recognize the ways in which sources are utilized by different disciplines; identify discipline-specific citation styles
||Apply discipline-specific information resources and their organization and use|
|Identify key stakeholders who are interested in the topic and might produce information||Trace citation data back to original source||Identify gaps in research; compare and contrast research arguments, data, studies, and methodologies||Use advanced search strategies (e.g., use of controlled vocabularies, Boolean operators, cited references)|
|Construct in-text citations and a bibliography, inclusive of all source types and formats (e.g. articles, images, music; print and electronic)||Recognize the ethical issues related to information access||Articulate the difference between copyright and plagiarism||Follow ethical and legal guidelines when citing information|
Table 2. Information Literacy Dispositions by Course Level
|Recognize ethical, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information (e.g. academic freedom, right to privacy, free and fee-based information, intellectual property)||Understand that intellectual property is a legal and social construct that varies by culture and across time||Consider research an open-ended process||Identify important associations, publications, and scholars in the discipline; explain the role of these resources in the discipline; explain the contributions of individual scholars to the discipline|
|Confer with instructors and librarians about appropriate research topics, information resources and search strategies||Understand and explain why there is usually not one source that will meet all research needs||Combine, relate, and reconcile new information with prior knowledge and beliefs||Explain the economic, legal, political, and socio-economic impacts on information access and use (e.g.,censorship, constraints, costs, funded research, policies, scholarship)|
|Value the distinctness of information sources (e.g., popular, trade, and scholarly; primary and secondary; current and historical, etc.)||Recognize different information sources and explain the value and differences between them, including their scope, audience and intent (e.g., archival collections; government information; popular, trade, and scholarly publications)||Recognize the value of original scholarship; construct an original argument or position based on research findings||Describe key discipline-specific information resources and how they are organized and used|
|Acknowledge biases that may privilege some sources of authority over others||Recognize own rights as a member of the academic community to freedom of intellectual inquiry and inviolate privacy in accessing library collections and services||Compare the use of information sources by discipline and value diverse ideas and worldviews||Persist in information searches despite challenges|
|Recognize that different disciplines have different citation styles and style guidelines|
Stark, Megan and Samson, Sue, "Mansfield Library Information Literacy Curriculum" (2016). Montana Information Literacy Alliance http://scholarworks.umt.edu/mila/1